Takoradi started expanding in 1928 after the harbour has been built.
The Areas known as Amanful, New Takoradi, Effia and and Kwesimintsim were already in exsistence from the slavery days and were all independent villages. All other Areas were artificially created from these areas follows :
1. EFFIA – KUMA
The Fantes from cape coast were the first tribe to migrate to Tadi from the 1870’s to 1900’s. They settled at a place near Effia village and called the place Effia – Kuma meaning “small effia”, ( kuma is a fante word which means younger ) but with the increase in migration of the fantes and other tribes , effia-kuma expanded to be bigger than effia.
From 1926 to 1928 when the Harbour, market circle and surrounding houses and gutters was being built, the British colonial masters recruited about many northners to serve as cheap labour for the contractors. These northners were settled at effia-kuma but the Fantes objected to living with northners.
So the northners and fantes were separated into Zongos and Compounds, where the northners lived was called Effia – Kuma Zongo and where the Fantes lived was called Effia – Kuma Compound. This was in the 1920’s
when tribal driscrimination was very high.
Later in 1960 estates houses were built by the state housing corporation and offered for sale, many fantes/other tribes living in the compound houses then moved into the estate houses while some of zongo residents moved into the compounds. The Estate area then became known as Effia kuma Estate , part of this estates became known as Newsite, because the Government had considered those areas a new site for better houses but kwame Nkrumah the President of Ghana at that time was overthrown before that project could begin, but the name Newsite remained.
The first settlers in Tanokrom came fröm sunyani. The very old houses at Tanokrom was where they settled . There is a town in Sunyani called Tanokrom which was named after the Tano River, so these early settlers from Sunyani simply borrowed the name of their previous town to christen their settlement in Takoradi.
3. NEW TAKORADI
The area which is today known as New Takoradi was a small fishing village with no official name, the fishmongers simply refer to the place as Mpoano, meaning The sea beach. In 1926, before Market Circle and the harbour was built the people who were living in mud houses in these market circle and harbour areas were relocated to settle among these fishmongers at mpoano. Their mud houses were demolished to pave way for construction.
For records sake the area became known to the British Colonial Masters as the NEW settlement of TAKORADI.
As time went on, the new settlers simply mentioned NEW TAKORADI as the area’s name because they thought they have formed a new town.
So the name NEW TAKORADI actually means that, that area is a new settlement of Takoradi, but since there were old settlers there before the new settlers came, the name NEW TAKORADI is incorrect .
So in 1990’s, the youth inorder to correct this mistake renamed the place NEW YORK but it wasn’t generally accepted.
The Kwesimintsim area was a typical village, the very old mud houses at the Zongo side were built by the early northern settlers in the 1890’s. History has it that in 1930’s there was a herbalist living there called Opanyin Kwesi Mintsim. He was very good in treating all kinds of diseases. People travelled to him for help and all those going to him will say I’m going to Kwesi Mintsim and soon his name became attached to the area so much that anybody going to that area will say I’m going to kwesimintsim whether he is going to the man or not.
Kwesimintsim quickly expanded to become a town and a Zongo. The areas of sawmill and lagos town are all part of Kwesimintsim Constituency but these areas got their different names as follows :
It is true that in 1960’s there was a wood saw mill just 100 metres away from kwesimintsim. The exact location is not known, but passengers in commercial vehicles who ply the route would say ” I will get down at Sawmill ” whether or not they are going to the sawmill or not and soon the name came to stay for that particular area.
7. LAGOS TOWN
. . . . . . .to be continued
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Source : Pre-colonial History of West Africa.
Endorsed by Department of History, Ghana Musuems Board.
Certified by Ghana Tourist Board.